Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Charles Darwin Galapagos


Charles Darwin was born on February 12 of 1809 and died on April 19 of 1882, was an English naturalist who postulated that all living beings have evolved over time from common ancestors through a process called natural selection. The evolution was accepted as fact by the scientific community and much of the public life of Darwin, while his theory of evolution by natural selection was not considered as the primary explanation of the evolutionary process until the 1930s currently constitutes the basis of modern evolutionary synthesis. In modified form, Darwin's scientific discoveries still remain the founding act of biology as a science, since they constitute a logical explanation that unifies observations about the diversity of life.

charles darwin
Charles Darwin - Galapagos Islands
The most important work that he published was  " On the Origin of Species by means of natural selection", in 1859, established that the explanation of the diversity found in nature is due to accumulated by evolution over successive modifications generations. He wrote about the human evolution and natural selection in his book "The Descent of Man and selection in relation to sex" and later in the expression of emotions in animals and in man. He also devoted a number of publications to his research in botany, and his latest work addressed the issue of terrestrial worms and their effects on the formation of suelo. Two weeks before he died he published his last work on a tiny bivalve found in the legs of a water beetle in the English Midlands.

Charles Darwin History in Galapagos Islands

Galapagos waters are see at the distance, the island of San Cristobal is the place where they saw a young English approaching to one of the most beautiful places on Earth: The Galapagos Islands. For a period of five weeks the HMS Beagle ship sailed the waters of Galapagos under the command of Captain Robert Fitzroy. Its mission was to: investigate isolated places hardly visited by navigators. This list of places including Cape Horn, Australia and New Zealand, Galapagos, Tahiti and others.

hms beagle galapagos
HMS Beagle 
The young Charles Darwin spent only two weeks on the ground and it was enough time for him to glimpse what it meant Natural Selection. He didn´t know then that it would take him almost 25 years after his visit to the Galapagos Islands to published his book "On the Origin of Species". After this, the way the scientists thought  changed forever, because Darwin principles now dominate virtually in almost every field of study. Researching the history of Charles Darwin we found an interesting story in the Bay Cove on Isabela Island on 1835:

“The archipelago is a little world within itself, or rather a satellite attached to America, whence it has derived a few stray colonists, and has received the general character of its indigenous population.”

The HMS Beagle sailed from the Galapagos Islands after dark dusk on 20 October 1835. In  2009 we  commemorated 174 anniversary of Charles Darwin's visit to the Galapagos Islands. Indeed, this anniversary commemorates the voyage that brought Darwin to what would later become his greatest source of inspiration, and evolutionary evidence. For such a young naturalist like Darwin, some of the most amazing experiences were felt throughout his journey aboard the Beagle. Analyzing the history of Charles Darwin, we can see that his writings were so powerful and how much influence had the Galapagos in it´s future work.

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